A great special from National Geographic on the epic Staffordshire Hoard discovered in 2009
An excellent documentary on the real-life inspiration for Daniel Defoe’s novel Robinson Crusoe…
The levels of sheer absurdity when it comes to the growing desire to not enforce immigration laws in this country have now reached all-out epic proportions. In New York City it is now a fineable offence – to the tune of $250,000 – to call someone an “illegal alien” (regardless of if they in fact are or not).
Also on the list of new offenses are discriminating based on someone’s English proficiency OR even threatening to call immigration authorities “based on someone’s actual or perceived alienage, [or] citizenship status, [or] national origin”. This means that the person CAN IN FACT BE an illegal alien, but it is still an offense to call them one OR tell them you are calling INS.
Absolutely amazing. So basically, not only do SO many Democrats in this country WANT illegal aliens here in the U.S. (to increase their voter base when those illegals later have citizen children), but now you can’t even call an illegal out for being one OR tell them you are calling INS without risking a $250k fine!? I suppose the work-around is to just not say anything to them and simply call INS and wait for the problem to get fixed, but the fact that American CITIZENS in this country can’t even SAY to an illegal immigrant that they are indeed an illegal immigrant is utterly ridiculous and astonishing, not to mention stupid. Dems are systematically stripping U.S. citizens of their rights and transferring those rights over to anybody in the world that wants to break the law and come to the U.S. illegally. Just what in the HELL is going on in this nation?
A couple of examples cited as violations of the new guidelines are:
- A hotel prohibiting its housekeepers from speaking another language because it would “offend” guests.
- A store owner telling two people speaking Thai to “speak English” or “go back to your country.”
The first question that comes to mind is regarding the hotel company that is now obliged to pay someone to work for them… but the company can’t require them to speak in the official language of this country while on the clock? Companies can enforce drug policies and firearms restrictions on citizens that clearly violate their rights but OH NO, they absolutely cannot require that their employees speak English. Absolutely astonishing.
The second question I would ask is how friendly do you think English speaking Americans would be treated if they were say…in Iran openly speaking English? Not only would they be told to stfu, they’d be thrown in jail just for being American, yet these latest rules suggest an American here in the U.S. couldn’t even request for an Iranian to speak English. Instead, we must let them continue to speak Farsi while plotting their next bombing and if we insist they speak English so we can know what they’re saying, WE get a $250k fine! Just what in the absolute HELL is going on in the United States of America to where one of our most prominent cities is bending over backwards to persecute American citizens while opening the door to any law breaking border jumper that can somehow make it to our country? If this isn’t an indicator of the downfall of civilization as we know it, I certainly don’t know what is.
It’s increasingly humorous to watch Hillary Rodham Clinton continue to try and hold onto the slim thread of a possibility of maybe taking another shot at the Presidency whilst also pretending that she can represent women in America today or even the rest of the Democrats for that matter.
While I initially gave Hillary some credit for taking the election loss fairly well and honorably back in 2016, that melted away soon after she joined the rest of the entire Democratic party with their petty, dirty, immature, and constant (failing) attacks against our sitting U.S. President Donald Trump. It’s a wonder the dems have had any time to do anything else but look for ways to tear down The Donald considering how much relentless effort they’ve put into it (oh wait…they DON’T do anything else but that).
At first it looked like Hillary was just what the slippery slope of American politics wanted for the next U.S. President. What could be better after the first African-American but for the first woman President of America? The problem however was… she lost the election – whether that be by electoral college votes or not – and failed at achieving victory for the dems. This is somewhat of a problem for Hillary Rodham. How could the dems ever choose her to represent them for the 2020 run when her record of victory at this is absolutely nil?
The even larger problem with Hillary Rodham is that she simply doesn’t fit with the agenda of what modern American women want to push in this day and age. As women are publicly standing up for their rights in this nation and refusing to let men continue to run over them, Hillary represents the exact opposite of that spirit when she has repeatedly stayed with Bill over DECADES of infidelity in the form of various affairs and sometimes even worse allegations. Oh, then there was that time he got IMPEACHED in front of the entire world for one certain incident involving Monica Lewinsky. How crazy do things have to get before Hillary is going to leave his ass? The answer is, absolutely no level of Bill being a hound dawg was EVER going to result in Hillary standing up for herself because she’s a slimy politician who would do anything to continue to stand by Bill’s side and rise up politically with him so she could eventually take a run at the Presidency herself. For Hillary to have left Bill at any point during his ascension to – or serving as – the President would’ve been the end of Hillary’s slimy political career.
The best and most humorous parts of all of this are her latest comments claiming that her staying with cheater Bill the was “gutsiest” thing she’d ever done in her personal life. First, this isn’t your personal life – it’s your political career – but regardless….Hillary….honey…letting Bill run all over you repeatedly in front of everyone and doing absolutely nothing about it is NOT CALLED “GUTSY”. You can attempt to re-purpose words to inside the imagination of your own mind make you look better to yourself but the rest of us live in reality.
In this thing called reality in 2020, women aren’t buying your bullshit anymore. Modern American women know that you can’t represent them at this point because not only can you not win an election, but you utterly EMBODY the old-school strategy of staying with your man and enduring whatever humiliation that comes along with that regardless of anything else. Hillary… what you’ve done is not “gutsy”, it’s about the exact opposite – it’s “SLIMY”, and it represents the slimy politician that you are, and is the single biggest reason (along with being 71) that there is no possible way for you to represent young modern women in America. You have in fact hurt the cause of American women by contributing to the thought that men can get away with whatever they want – you in fact, are modern American women’s worst enemy.
Hillary Rodham Clinton…in the event that you advise the Biden campaign into the dirt and pull a surprise slimy entry into the 2020 race…inside of that crazy mind of yours, what do you really feel your chances are with young American voters?
This song may sound familiar if you’ve seen the film ‘Primal Fear’ where it’s heavily featured throughout…
As an update to this year’s earlier post A thief in the night… former DPD officer Amber Guyger has now been convicted of murder and sentenced to ten years in prison for the 2018 shooting of Botham Jean.
For those who don’t recall the details around this shooting, Officer Guyger entered Jean’s own apartment and fatally shot him. It seems that single statement is the only thing jurors and the judge cared about or even wanted to think about when convicting this woman, and no one wanted to think logically or hear anything about the circumstances that obviously explain this unfortunate event as an accident – and therefore what should’ve been a manslaughter conviction NOT a murder conviction.
The series of events are as follows:
- Guyger mistakenly parked on a different floor than usual of her apartment complex’s garage
- She got to what she thought was her apartment door and found it unlocked and slightly ajar which was noticed as she attempted to put her key in, which instead pushed the door open
- The apartment was darkly lit and she heard someone inside
- She pulled out her service weapon and issued verbal commands to what she thought was an intruder in her own apartment
- Jean, being black, and inside of his own apartment, did not follow any commands, and instead rushed toward Guyger yelling “Hey! Hey! Hey!”
- Guyger shot Jean in the chest, only afterwards realizing that she was in fact NOT in her own apartment facing an intruder, but that she was the intruder in Jean’s apartment
First, it’s an honest mistake to accidentally either open or attempt to open the door of someone else’s apartment in modern complexes with attached garages. As stated in this year’s earlier post, this has happened to me before, and I’ve also had keys get inserted into my apartment door numerous times over the years by other residents thinking they were at their own doors. This happens. It is fact.
Most modern complexes have the same exact interior/exterior styling for the hallways on all floors, with only the numbers on the doors indicating the difference. MOST people don’t always look at that number on the door as they are entering their apartment. Most people walk the same route every day and feel their way to the door, but when you park on a different garage floor and aren’t thinking about it, you CAN arrive at the wrong apartment door. This is exactly what happened to me one day a few years back. Again, it happens. This is fact. It happens a LOT actually.
This happened to Amber Guyger as well, but since the door was unlocked she was able to walk in and have the mistaken feeling that not only was she inside of her own apartment, but that there was an intruder there as well (this could all have been avoided had the door been locked btw). Due to the current political climate in this country, and the fact that she is white and Botham Jean was black…. not only was the charge escalated from manslaughter to murder when he was killed, she was convicted of murder resulting in African-Americans and their social justice warriors damn near dancing in the streets since they effectively got what they feel is some revenge for the various police-on-black shootings that have occurred over the decades. In this case, the jury consisted mostly of people of color and the judge was also African-American. After the conviction and sentencing one juror stated “all 12 of us said she was guilty probably within five minutes of being in there”. Guyger never had a chance.
With African-Americans in 2019 this is about settling a score that blacks in this country feel has been stacked against them. Never mind the fact that frequently (not all of the time, but frequently) blacks are shot by police because of a failure to follow simple instructions during a high stress situation – in fact, blacks nearly always want to escalate those situations due to the feeling of “being persecuted” that they carry around with them from birth to death due to American culture drilling it into their heads all of their lives. In fact….THIS event could possibly ALSO have been prevented had Jean just followed instructions when having a gun pointed at him, instead of playing the usual black guy and getting over-the-top offended for being hassled inside of his own home. I mean, how DARE this white woman come into my apartment and tell ME what to do!
Well…he’s dead now because of that aggression that he let loose instead of following the instructions which would’ve ended up eventually in him communicating to her that he was in his own apartment and her embarrassingly de-escalating the situation and leaving – with both people still alive. Jean probably could’ve gotten a nice settlement out of the deal from the DPD as well, but instead…he played the aggressive black man with the startled white woman cop and lost his life, and got her put into jail for ten years. Great job Jean!
After all of these types of incidents, it makes one wonder, why African-Americans can’t just learn to be like the rest of the nation? For most of us, if an officer busts into our house with a gun drawn, guess what we’ll do? We’ll FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS and sort the dumb shit out LATER. Not black men….they have to right the wrong directly there on the spot, except that it never EVER actually happens that way – not ever! They either end up losing their lives over the matter or getting arrested and facing resisting arrest charges if not more. When will African-Americans finally learn? Probably never, because apparently black culture would like to rack up as many points on their “we’re the victims” score that they can in order to facilitate their continuous crying about not being successful while at the same time committing more crimes per person than any other racial group in the United States.
What is especially disgusting are the online comments around this whole thing. It’s like we have an angry mob out for blood over this event, with staggering numbers of people apparently either not knowing what the difference between a MANSLAUGHTER charge is as compared to a murder charge, or just not caring because they want revenge on white people.
It’s plainly and blatantly obvious that Guyger would never have orchestrated this entire episode just to pre-meditatively kill Jean. The idea and concept is just preposterous and the prosecution failed to show any reason for her to harbor malice against him – they didn’t even KNOW each other. So HOW IN THE HELL was this woman convicted of murder instead of manslaughter as the accidental nature of it all warranted?
Today…in 2019…this is no longer about the actual laws. This is no longer about the true definitions and differences between charges. Today this is about the racial revenge that African-Americans will seek against Caucasians in this country UNTIL THE END OF TIME. It will never stop. It will never abate. This will persist forever, and blacks will never be able to live in this country peacefully with the rest of us. African-Americans will continue to commit staggering numbers of violent crimes, their fathers will continue to abandon their children, and blacks will continue cry, piss, and moan about being “victims” of “the system”. If ANY situation occurs like what Guyger experienced, the white person is DONE FOR. The politics of today demand that a manslaughter charge be raised to murder for no reason, and that a conviction of the evil white person must happen regardless of if it flies in the face of all logic on this earth and everything holy in the universe.
This all begs the question, if THIS event didn’t warrant a manslaughter charge, then WHAT DOES? Because apparently a premeditated or “crime of passion” murder equals murder….AND an accidental killing…equals murder? There effectively is now NO way to get a manslaughter charge anymore after this precedent – manslaughter no longer exists apparently – unless it were a black accidentally killing a white person right? THAT would be an “accident“….
Welcome to 2019 where your manslaughter charge now equals murder….IF you are white!
Last week, twelve-year-old Amari Allen of Immanuel Christian School in Springfield, Virginia raised serious allegations against three of her white classmates claiming that she’d been held down on the playground and forcibly had some of her dread locks cut off in a bullying incident where she was called “ugly” and that her hair was “nappy”.
While this would have been a terrible example of bullying and even worse, with a racial slant, instead it was an example of what we can in 2019 call “pulling a Smollett” because…the cutting of the hair in the “attack” was in fact fabricated and never actually happened.
What was young Amari thinking when she made this story up and added to the already racially charged media environment of America in 2019? Well she was probably thinking that – just like Jussie Smollett – since there wasn’t enough REAL and ACTUAL racism in her life to claim being a victim, she would just manufacture it instead. This is what Jussie Smollett has taught the minority youth of America, that if you’re not a real victim – just pretend to be! You will get lots of sensational racism-drum-beating national media attention and you can demonize some white people while you’re at it – a double win! The best part? You will get away with it clean EVEN IF YOU ARE FOUND OUT!
Doesn’t that all sound like such a great caper to pull on the white devils? And don’t those white bastards deserve to get into trouble for something they didn’t actually do? Smollett is a damn genius and will forever go down in history as creating out of nowhere his own personal contribution to the racial divide in the United States: fake racism so you can perpetuate racism. It’s called “Pulling a Smollett”. Everyone should try it sometime because, why not? You won’t ever get into any trouble for it…
Much like Smollett was seen not long after his now-proven FAKE racial attack (which he STILL insists that he didn’t lie about – thank prosecutors for dropping the case) calling himself “the gay Tupac”, we’ll soon hear Amari recanting her…recanting, and re-insisting that a racial crime has indeed occurred against her. Shouldn’t it BE a hate crime to falsely CLAIM a hate crime!? The damage to the reputation of the accused alone would justify this, not to mention the costs associated with the investigations that have to take place – even if only to prove that the whole thing was a farce.
Nevertheless, this is the America we live in today. A country full of people spitting into bottles of tea at the grocery store, and anyone of any sort of minority “pulling a Smollett”. One thing you can bet your last dollar on – this will NOT be the last “Smollett” we see get pulled. On the contrary, this is only the beginning.
While we were all taught as young laddies in school that it was in 1492 that Columbus sailed the ocean blue, the true and actual history of exactly how the American continents came to be discovered and populated remains severely more complicated.
This isn’t to take anything away from Columbus’ accomplishments, as it is certainly true that his achievement remains valid with regards to altering the course of history and opening civilization’s eyes as to just how much the world we live in contains, we are however still charged with uncovering the real truths behind the exact points in history that humans ‘discovered‘ the Americas and also the mechanisms by which these discoveries occurred.
Indeed it’s an unarguable fact that most people in the known world before Columbus’ first voyage to the Americas neither had any idea that there were entire continents on Earth yet to be discovered, nor would perhaps even believe that the world was round. Common belief in those days was either that the world was flat, or that the circumference of the earth was simply too great to sail around westward to reach Asia. Not only that, but with the Spanish Inquisition going strong at the time of Columbus’ proposal to Queen Isabella I, he was literally putting his life on the line by not only suggesting such an outlandish concept as sailing west to the Indies, but also requesting that Spain fund the voyage as well.
Contrary to today’s absurd and idiotic flat-Earther trend, SOME humans have known for thousands of years that the Earth was round. Unfortunately, ‘some people knowing’ does not mean that most people have been aware throughout history – remember these are the days before the inter-connectivity existed that we now enjoy as a result of the internet.
The ancient Greek polymath Eratosthenes is known to have not only surmised that the Earth is round, but also to have nearly exactly calculated its circumference – and this was over two-thousand years ago! How did he manage this feat without the benefit of modern technology, the same technology that current flat-Earthers ignore?
This man was astute enough to realize that if obelisks in the southern part of Egypt showed no shadows at noon, and if a deep well in that area was perfectly lit at its bottom, then due to Earth’s flatness, obelisks (or any vertical object) near Alexandria should cast no shadows either. Earth’s roundness however denied this possibility, and Eratosthenes was intelligent enough to realize that since these objects further north cast shadows at high noon, this must mean that the Earth was round. He then set about to measure the degree of the shadows and through trigonometry calculate the curvature of the Earth – and therefore also a close approximation of its circumference (thrown off just a bit since the Earth is a slightly flattened spheroid rather than a perfect sphere).
So it was settled before the time of Christ then…the Earth was/is round…only however to those who were learned enough to understand this logic and also actually hear about Eratosthenes’ findings in the first place (no internet). Then of course there was also the fall of the classical civilizations and the dark ages and so on, so fast forward to the 1490’s and things were somewhat back to where we started, a lot of people only believed what they could see and education was not necessarily abounding, regardless of the fact that several Muslims had by then also effectively calculated the circumference of the earth and therefore ‘proved’ its roundness.
Columbus used as much of this scholarly evidence as he could – sometimes tailored to meet his own goals (understating the circumference) – when pleading his case to several monarchs only to be rejected time and again until Spain finally saw fit to wager the cost of a voyage against the potential windfall that could result for the crown were he to prove successful. The rest is history. On the 12th of October, 1492, Columbus landed on the island he christened ‘San Salvador’ – now part of The Bahamas – ten long weeks after departing Palos de la Frontera, Spain, and thus began the systematic exploitation of the Americas by Spain and later Portugal which resulted in untold measures of devastation to the indigenous peoples over hundreds of years (and which some would argue is still occurring).
We’re all well aware of what happened after 1492, with various colonial powers in Europe subsequently carving up pieces of the Americas as their own and warring over them until the manifest destiny of The United States was achieved as well as Mexican independence from Spain, and the list goes on…but what about the history of the Americas before 1492? This is where things get somewhat tumultuous among scholars as different theories continue to compete for legitimacy.
It may have taken a while, but the discovery of the remains of a Norse settlement at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland in 1960 finally proved that Viking explorers had indeed reached North America as part of living their sagas, and that they had done so somewhere around the year 1000 AD – potentially even a clean five hundred years prior to Columbus’ first voyage. Why was this not already understood well before Columbus’ time? One explanation is that the Norse just didn’t think much of it, perhaps not enough at least to put any effort into ensuring that this information was conveyed to other, non-Norse peoples. The Norse did what they were used to doing about these things, it was included into their sagas and nothing more was really thought of it over time.
Another potential reason is that they may have wanted to keep these new waters to themselves rather than soon have other countries coming in to compete for fishing areas. One thing is certain, if you look at it from the Norse point of view, this discovery didn’t to them have the same meaning as it ended up having for Columbus. From a northern perspective this was just another coast in addition to Greenland’s, Iceland’s, and Scotland’s which were in the same general area to the Norse. They most probably didn’t for instance, travel southward enough to understand the sheer scale of the American continents, nor were they particularly inclined to do so. Keep in mind that L’Anse aux Meadows was starting to get far enough to be slightly more inconvenient to travel to as compared to some of their closer territorial areas.
One thing becoming slightly different however as the Norse traveled westwards, was the presence of what they called “skrælings”, basically the indigenous peoples already living in these areas when the Norse arrived, and what would later become known as Native Americans in the case of those encountered in Newfoundland. The exact meaning of this word as it was used at the time is debated but it’s thought to range from “barbarian” to “weakling”, or perhaps it was even used to describe these people’s clothing, skin, or behavior. Regardless of what the Norse thought of them however, the fact is that they were already living in these arctic areas by the time the Norse arrived, which begs the question…from where and when did THEY come?
This question has no easy answer, especially if one were looking to know about the exact peoples encountered by those Viking voyages considering that there have been a number of different groups that have lived in the area from time to time over the centuries including the Thule, Dorset, Inuit, and others. The precise time ranges for which each of these cultures thrived and when they collapsed (and why) aren’t clear, but what is clear is that the pre-Columbian history of the Americas is long and rich at the very least.
Just like things used to be as simple as “Columbus discovered America“, which we now know to not quite be the case, the initial human population of America is also becoming more complicated as time goes on. What used to be the consensus was that the first people to inhabit the Americas (and only people, until European contact) walked across land connecting Asia and North America that was then exposed due to lower sea levels as a result of more water being tied up in ice at the time. While either this and/or a coastal migration along a similar route is generally accepted to have occurred – due both to archaeological and DNA evidence – the question remains, was this the only way humans arrived to the new world?
Evidence continues to mount that the historical human migration to the Americas might just be more complicated than that single theory alone accounts for. One category of evidence supports potential pre-Columbian and pre-Norse European contact with North America as outlined in the ‘Solutrean Hypothesis’. Certain stone tools found in the Eastern United States and just off of its East Coast appear to be some of the oldest artifacts yet discovered in the Americas, potentially conflicting with the time tables of when people were crossing over from Asia. Not only that, but the artifacts in question show a style of stone-age technology that not only strikingly resembles artifacts discovered in western European locations such as France and Spain, but that also pre-date by thousands of years their usage by known Native American cultures such as the Clovis.
The Clovis had been traditionally thought of as the oldest peoples to inhabit the Americas as a solidified culture, however sites such as the Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Pennsylvania, Cactus Hill in Virginia, Buttermilk Creek Complex in Texas, and Page-Ladson in Florida – among others – all point to a pre-Clovis presence of humans in North America – sometimes by thousands of years. The existence of this older evidence largely concentrated along the eastern coast of The United States, along with the similarities with European Solutrean artifacts suggests that there may have been human contact with North America up to twenty-two thousand years ago or more and that these people may very well have been some of, or potentially the first humans to set foot onto the continent.
The Beringia migration from Asia makes sense enough and remains undisputed, but how could Europeans have gotten to America in pre-history without a similarly exposed land bridge? Evidence shows that during the time of the Solutreans the seasonal presence of the northern ice cap in the Atlantic reached as far south as France, and continued all the way across the ocean to North America. The ice wasn’t constant year-round, but that may have actually contributed to the Solutreans getting westward…
Just as the ice would have started to recede with the approach of warmer spring temperatures, it also would have moved in a western-flowing direction due to currents caused by the melting itself. Solutreans would not necessarily have intended to make the trip across the Atlantic, but after going a certain distance in search of food that the ice would have provided (seals, etc), they may have accidentally gotten caught up in the melting pack ice currents and eventually been deposited near or onto the East Coast of North America. This is a plausible explanation for how they got across the ocean, and also provides many opportunities for such an event as each year would’ve provided for that scenario.
Such phenomenon of accidentally crossing an ocean is actually not unheard of, strong sea currents can very well result in boats travelling thousands of miles off course and to unintended destinations. There are several known examples in the Pacific of Japanese seafarers being blown off course and then carried by the Kuroshio Current all the way to the the West Coast of North America – some as far south as California. This has happened literally dozens of times that we know of and probably happened countless times over past millennia as well.
In addition to the several known and documented cases where Japanese sailors have inadvertently made it to North America, there are also other types of potential evidence of this contact historically. Examples such as similarities in pottery between the Ecuadorian Valdivia culture and their Jōmon counterparts in Japan at the time, as well as peculiar differences between the Zuni tribe of New Mexico and their neighbors regarding linguistic characteristics and religious beliefs (seeming to potentially have been caused by Japanese influence) add to the probability that Pacific pre-Colombian contact – while not widely known about or understood – is gaining in the probability of having occurred. This appears to support a similar possibility/probability with regards to the same having happened with pre-Colombian Europeans such as the Solutreans.
Evidence of pre-Columbian migration to or contact with the Americas continues into South America and perhaps is even more convincing. The Pedra Furada sites in Brazil suggest evidence of human habitation going as far back as twenty-two thousand years or further depending on the interpretation of certain artifacts and charcoal dating. These spans of time are well before most ranges theorized for Beringian crossings to North America – not to mention the time it would then take for humans to migrate as far south as Brazil etc.
Some South American evidence is less about human remains or tools, but instead relies on the presence of some of the the same plants or animals in both South America and locations in Oceania. It’s fact that humans found ways to populate the thousands of islands strewn across the vast expanses of the Pacific Ocean. Ancient techniques of reading the ocean currents and wave patterns along with navigation using the stars allowed Micronesians, Melanesians, and Polynesians to travel thousands of miles and eventually populate islands as remote as Hawaiʻi and Rapa Nui (Easter Island). In the case of Rapa Nui, it doesn’t take much imagination to envision that if humans could get from Asia to eventually as far as Easter Island, then it would seem logical that they could also get to the coast of Chile.
One piece of evidence supporting intermingling between Pacific Islanders and South Amerindians is the sweet potato. It is known and has been genetically proven that the sweet potato is native to South America, however by the time European sailors arrived in the Pacific, the sweet potato was already present across the region. Phylogenetic evidence supports at least two introductions of the sweet potato to Oceania with the first potentially as far back as 700 AD. It’s unclear exactly how this happened but the edible evidence doesn’t stop there. Chicken bones found in Chile dating to the late 1300’s at the latest show through DNA analysis to be related to chickens from Southeast Asia and islands in the Pacific. Chickens were not thought to exist at all in the Americas before Columbus and others introduced European varieties, therefore, how did chickens get to South America before European contact, and how is it they are related to Asian breeds if it weren’t for some sort of contact between the peoples of these regions?
Evidence upending traditional theories on how the Americas were initially populated as well as evidence supporting various pre-Columbian contact between settlers of the Americas and Asian, European, or other peoples later in the timeline continues to mount and isn’t confined to only just what’s been mentioned here but spans other categories such as lingual similarities and artifacts whose presence remains as yet unexplained. Research will continue and we’ll no doubt also continue to discover new archaeological finds which in some cases may answer questions, and in other cases raise even more, but one thing remains certain…we must continue to search for the truth.