Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19
Captain Corn

As the world continues to attempt survival under varying forms of social distancing and lock-down measures, the question arises as to just how we got to this point…

How did a virus bring the global economy to its knees while threatening death in all ages of our population and to a toll not seen by a disease in recent history?

Where does the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 come from? Why is it so deadly? How are we going to survive COVID-19 and pandemics like these in the future?

One critical piece of information that could vastly assist in answering some of those questions is the precise origin of the SARS-CoV-2 virus as this might give us a better understanding of how to prevent or at least react to these issues in the future (and perhaps help us to better handle the current pandemic).

The obvious initial thought is that “China” is the source of the virus considering that the initially reported cases were there, and while the answer of “China” is undisputedly correct and well agreed upon (aside from the actual mechanism of inception), we need to know a little more than that.

What is the exact biological source? What is the exact geographical source? How does the virus cross species and mutate? The answers to these, along with a host of other questions might help us to better understand how these things happen in our world as they threaten to destroy it.

A probably more important question however is one that’s not politically correct to ask in this day and age considering that Trump catches hell for even calling COVID-19 a “Chinese disease” – which it no doubt IS (but more importantly if the disease had originated in the U.S., the world would be calling it the “American disease”) – and that question is did the SARS-CoV-2 virus escape from a Chinese virus research center?

Wuhan Institute of Virology

The mystery around where this virus began came from early on in the crises when it became evident that some of the first patients had not ever been to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China. This was perplexing as the initial story that China was selling was that the epicenter of the outbreak was specifically that market – suggesting some sort of cross-species transmission due to the different types of animals being sold there (not just seafood), the unsanitary conditions, or both.

This seemed plausible enough, since we know how dirty some of these open air markets in Asia can be, however what didn’t make sense was that the Chinese eventually realized that their best early estimate at a patient zero (the first human suspected to have had the virus) was someone showing COVID-19 symptoms as early as December 01, who’d had zero contact with the seafood market…

“The researchers, seven of whom work at Wuhan’s Jinyintan hospital…revealed on Friday in The Lancet medical journal that symptoms of the new disease were first reported on December 1…”

“…the first patient had no exposure to the Huanan seafood market…”

Later research discounted the initially suspected patient zero and suggested an even earlier start with therefore an even higher chance that the source was in fact NOT the seafood market with a case identified to have existed in Hubei as early as November 17th. This corresponds with internal U.S. government intelligence reports that worryingly showed a contagion loose in the Wuhan area in November.

First, it should be clear that China has obviously not been 100% truthful to the world with regards to just about any aspect of this pandemic. They were not honest about when it started, about how severe it was as it got going there, and certainly not honest about the total numbers of infected or dead. It’s a mathematical impossibility that China has had only the totals they claim considering they are the source of the outbreak and have hundreds of millions of people at a high risk due to proximity and standard of living. The entire thing reeks of a typical communist government cover-up (similar to N. Korea’s laughable reporting of zero cases until just very recently) and why should the cover-up be confined to just the statistics? Perhaps the origin itself is also something they weren’t entirely honest about…

Across the vast expanses of China, somehow the virus research center is located only 34 minutes away from the seafood market where the first hot spot of the contagion emerged…

It obviously seems to be too much of a coincidence that the regional epicenter of this pandemic is located in the exact same area as the Wuhan Institute of Virology, where China has been KNOWN to be studying coronaviruses since first publishing research findings in 2005 around the SARS epidemic.

Not only is WIV known to specialize in the study and handling of “bat viruses”, but according to U.S. government communications from January of 2018 they’ve been doing so in an unsafe manner which:

“…represented a risk of a new SARS-like pandemic…”

“…during interactions with scientists at the WIV laboratory, they noted the new lab has a serious shortage of appropriately trained technicians and investigators needed to safely operate this high-containment laboratory…”

Looking back at the history of this research center, the building of WIV’s National Bio-safety Laboratory (the ‘biosafety level 4’ area where coronaviruses are studied) was done in collaboration with the French and partially funded by the United States… It doesn’t take too long to connect the dots and show that organizations in France and the U.S. with the long-term experience and capability to study these viruses safely and without letting them loose on the public quickly enabled China’s WIV lab to handle deadly pathogens without them having the same experience and discipline necessary to contain said ‘virii’.

This would be similar to dressing a monkey in a fine London-made suit. At first he looks handsome, but before long his inability to operate in such clothing becomes evident as the suit is torn and stained due to the monkey acting like…a monkey. Unfortunately, helping to provide the Chinese with the facilities and equipment to study viruses resulted in a mismatch of skill sets to severity, and thousands have now died globally and the world economy has been put into a state of arrest rather than us just having a stained and ripped suit to show for the mistake…

Currently, evidence doesn’t necessarily point to the Chinese having bio-engineered this virus, but more to them having accelerated its evolution as a result of it being under study, and then very stupidly releasing it into the world due to sheer negligence and incompetence.

SARS-CoV-2 and other coronaviruses are known to originate in horseshoe bats living a thousand miles away from Wuhan in Yunnan, China. While scientists seem to agree that there must’ve been some intermediary animal(s) between the bats and humans, it still seems unlikely that the virus would’ve transitioned to humans a clean thousand miles from its original biological source. In fact, we are fairly certain that this didn’t happen and that the only reasonable and obvious alternative is that the virus “escaped” from the research center in Wuhan.

Further evidence pointing to this is that WIV does in fact work with the closest known relative of SARS-CoV-2 – a virus known as RaTG13 – and while the genetic differences between the two would suggest about 50 years of natural evolutionary separation, this in fact doesn’t clear WIV of being the source of the pandemic, but supports it. The laboratory study of viruses inherently causes mutations as they are cultured in petri dishes with cells having the human ACE2 receptor. This would over time create natural mutations but would do so at an unnatural rate, which would condense the creation of 50 years of natural evolutionary differences down to a much smaller span of time.

Nikolai Petrovsky, from the College of Medicine and Public Health at Flinders University in South Australia states:

“The result of these experiments is a virus that is highly virulent in humans but is sufficiently different that it no longer resembles the original bat virus… because the mutations are acquired randomly by selection, there is no signature of a human gene jockey, but this is clearly a virus still created by human intervention.”

Now for the real kicker… China not only halted exports of Personal Protective Equipment as they realized they would need what they were producing in order to handle the unfolding epidemic in their country (the numbers and severity of which they were vastly understating to the global community) BUT they ALSO began IMPORTING said material at the same time, effectively buying up as much PPE as they could as fast as possible before the world found out the true impact of COVID-19.

Let’s think about that a little further… as China was hitting the “oh shit” button while COVID-19 spread rapidly in their country, they not only halted their exports of PPE to ensure they had sufficient supplies for their medical workers and citizens, but they simultaneously started buying up the world stock as they intentionally lied about how deadly COVID-19 was so that unsuspecting countries would sell the PPE to China, each one completely unaware that they would soon need every single mask and set of gloves available themselves.

Effectively, the lying Chinese bastards made sure that they would have PPE and the rest of the world would not, thereby greatly exacerbating the impact of SARS-CoV-2 in every country in the world and therefore severely increasing the death toll outside of China…

China was the source of this virus, then used it against the world to the tune of more than likely hundreds of thousands of non-Chinese lives by the time this is over. If this behavior at a state level isn’t downright criminal, then what the hell is? These actions are the kind of thing that would trigger criminal charges to be leveled were they committed by individuals instead of a nation…

In conclusion, overwhelming evidence suggests that:

  • China has unintentionally released the most contagious and deadly influenza virus the world has seen in a hundred years upon its own population and the world to the tune of millions of infected and hundreds of thousands of dead
  • Through their research inadvertently accelerated the evolution of the virus to new heights of lethality
  • Through their absolute and utter incompetence let the virus escape and wreak havoc on society and subsequently the world economy
  • LIED TO THE WORLD ABOUT EVERY SINGLE DETAIL
  • Reversed their PPE exports
  • Bought up the world supply of PPE before other countries knew the severity of COVID-19 (you know, because China was lying about the lethality)
  • Through all of these actions caused the death toll outside of China to be much higher than normal

It’s time to stop with the political correctness and openly demand China admit to their actions and it wouldn’t be a bad idea to demand financial reparations for the casualties, much like the U.S. state of Missouri is suing them for this debacle. China has proven they’re not advanced enough to handle researching diseases like this without killing massive numbers of people, and they’ve proven that when they screw up, they’ll lie to the world and INTENTIONALLY cause even more deaths than necessary. They’re literally killing people with their actions.

Someone please take the monkey out of the suit, and lock his ass up while we’re at it.

edit: President Trump has stated that he has evidence the virus came from a lab in Wuhan (WIV)

edit: Analysis of satellite pictures of Wuhan hospital parking lots and Chinese web search engine traffic for symptoms known later to correspond to COVID suggest an origin of at least “…late summer and early fall 2019…”

edit: Sewage samples from March of 2019 in Spain have tested positive for the Coronavirus – yes, 2019

財閥 の日本人
Captain Corn

It’s been a crazy couple of years for Nissan’s former CEO Carlos Ghosn, and an even crazier past several days considering that he’s just absconded from Japanese house arrest, crossed international borders, and ended up five thousand miles away in the safety of the non-extradition country of Lebanon.

One could say Ghosn’s troubles began in November of 2018 when he was first arrested on charges of false accounting upon arrival by plane to Tokyo Haneda Airport. Since then it’s become obvious that the conspiracy against him must’ve started much earlier, and also must’ve included many members of Nissan’s inner circle – as well as Japanese prosecutors. Is Ghosn guilty of lining his own pockets with inappropriate expenditures of company funds, or is he being railroaded by a rigged Japanese legal system in cahoots with the Nissan Group zaibatsu?

This story actually begins much earlier, during the early twentieth century when the economy of industrializing Japan had evolved to be controlled by large and powerful family-owned monopolistic organizations called zaibatsu. Some zaibatsu of this period could even trace their roots back to far earlier eras of Japan’s history; this effectively resulted in zaibatsu having untold power and influence by the time of the reign of The Empire of Japan leading up to and during WWII.

Nissan is one of the companies that existed as a zaibatsu starting in 1928, and it stands to reason that in present day, Nissan might continue to operate by certain deep-rooted traditional (and nationalistic) principles advantageous to itself – such as ousting a CEO that had significantly altered the balance of power between a storied historical Japanese conglomerate and the French company of Renault. For better or for worse, Japan remains until this day one of the most racially homogeneous nations in the world, and the Japanese are historically unapologetic regarding their opinions and actions when it comes to foreigners or foreign influence within the land of the rising sun. It’s hardly a far-fetched concept that Nissan would not want a gaijin (外人 – alien/outsider) firm like Renault to embarrassingly be able to assert too much power within the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance.

There are rumors that senior Nissan and government officials had become displeased with the measures Ghosn had taken over the past seventeen years as part of restructuring various aspects of Nissan and its relationships with Renault and Mitsubishi in order to bring it back to profitability. Those measures had widely been received as successful, with Ghosn being awarded Asia Businessman of the Year by Fortune magazine in 2002, and Man of the Year by Fortune Asia in 2003.

Apparently, these accolades and the successful turn around of Nissan’s financial woes weren’t enough to keep Ghosn in favor in the long term – how can the disparity be bridged between the highs of Ghosn’s career and the lows of being arrested and criminally charged? The answer most likely lies somewhere in the complexities of Japanese politics and the desire in Japan for Japanese corporations to be controlled by…the Japanese (not for instance say…the French).

Some would say that the Nissan Group zaibatsu that began in 1928 no longer exists in the same form today, and therefore that the type of nationalistic conspiracy required in order to dismantle Carlos Ghosn’s career and reverse the policies enacted under his direction as CEO of the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance couldn’t in fact happen in modern Japan…

Whilst it is indeed true that the zaibatsu were dismantled in post-WWII era Japan as part of mandatory changes implemented by the United States, it wasn’t long before a similar system emerged which could really be considered as a further evolved model of the zaibatsu – the keiretsu system.

It was under the keiretsu-dominated economy that Japan rose as an economic powerhouse through the 1980’s and it is the keiretsu system that still reigns supreme in Japan today. Keiretsu do have key structural differences and aren’t as similar to oligarch-type organizations as the zaibatsu were, however they do still involve various horizontal and vertical integrations such as zaibatsu utilized and their components work together to ensure the success of the keiretsu overall. In effect, portions of modern day Japan’s economy still operate in a very similar manner as in the zaibatsu era, and this combined with the innate nationalism of such a system along with Japan’s historically nationalistic behaviors overall could most certainly help to explain a conspiracy against Carlos Ghosn and a desire to alter Renault’s position in the alliance.

What has all of this meant for Ghosn? Not only has he been painted by Nissan and the Japanese legal system as a thieving villain – plundering Nissan accounts to fuel his lifestyle – but he’s also been arrested and incarcerated twice, and confined to house arrest with his passports confiscated. He’s effectively been unfairly convicted in the court of public opinion as a result of the efforts of the Japanese, who even pressured French prosecutors to launch an investigation from their side as well.

Is this what the man who effectively rescued Nissan and Renault from their lackluster mid-90’s levels of performance and elevated them to their current successful positions in the industry (with Nissan’s electric Leaf dominating EV market share even over Tesla)? It seems the Japanese aren’t very good at saying “thanks” to someone who devoted seventeen years of his life to fixing one of their oldest zaibatsu/keiretsu corporations…

Facing an obvious crucifixion in an obviously rigged Japanese legal system, Ghosn did the only thing he could do in order to hope to achieve any sort of justice and finally remove himself from being shuttled in and out of Japanese jails and house arrest – he skipped bail and fled. What’s most interesting however is that not only was he able to first get out of the island nation, but that he was able to covertly get all the way to Lebanon, a country which has been kind to him as of late and is more than willing to house a wealthy man of Arab descent (his grandfather was born in Lebanon). Extradition is currently not even a remote possibility, and Ghosn could spend no doubt the rest of his life there if he so chooses, but could also wait out the current witch hunt until a fair trial could perhaps be held in a safe and international (and impartial) location.

What’s next in store for Ghosn? Will he forever remain in Lebanon in order to avoid unfair persecution at the betraying hands of his former team at Nissan, spending the rest of his life on the lam…or will he eventually get his day in court – one that can promise due process and a fair shake? Like the rest of us, all Ghosn can do for now is… wait…

edit: Former Green Beret Michael Taylor describes how he smuggled Ghosn out of Japan…

Alsyn Gazryn Zereglee
Captain Corn

Sampled by Michael Cretu in Enigma’s Eyes of the Truth…

Praise – Only You
Starboy

This is by far the best mix of the song, which you may remember from the 1999 film ‘Rogue Trader’ starring Ewan McGregor
It looks like the YouTube stream has been disabled…

The Pre-Columbian Americas
Fox Mulder

While we were all taught as young laddies in school that it was in 1492 that Columbus sailed the ocean blue, the true and actual history of exactly how the American continents came to be discovered and populated remains severely more complicated.

This isn’t to take anything away from Columbus’ accomplishments, as it is certainly true that his achievement remains valid with regards to altering the course of history and opening civilization’s eyes as to just how much the world we live in contains, we are however still charged with uncovering the real truths behind the exact points in history that humans ‘discovered‘ the Americas and also the mechanisms by which these discoveries occurred.

Indeed it’s an unarguable fact that most people in the known world before Columbus’ first voyage to the Americas neither had any idea that there were entire continents on Earth yet to be discovered, nor would perhaps even believe that the world was round. Common belief in those days was either that the world was flat, or that the circumference of the earth was simply too great to sail around westward to reach Asia. Not only that, but with the Spanish Inquisition going strong at the time of Columbus’ proposal to Queen Isabella I, he was literally putting his life on the line by not only suggesting such an outlandish concept as sailing west to the Indies, but also requesting that Spain fund the voyage as well.

Contrary to today’s absurd and idiotic flat-Earther trend, SOME humans have known for thousands of years that the Earth was round. Unfortunately, ‘some people knowing’ does not mean that most people have been aware throughout history – remember these are the days before the inter-connectivity existed that we now enjoy as a result of the internet.

Eratosthenes of Cyrene

The ancient Greek polymath Eratosthenes is known to have not only surmised that the Earth is round, but also to have nearly exactly calculated its circumference – and this was over two-thousand years ago! How did he manage this feat without the benefit of modern technology, the same technology that current flat-Earthers ignore?

This man was astute enough to realize that if obelisks in the southern part of Egypt showed no shadows at noon, and if a deep well in that area was perfectly lit at its bottom, then due to Earth’s flatness, obelisks (or any vertical object) near Alexandria should cast no shadows either. Earth’s roundness however denied this possibility, and Eratosthenes was intelligent enough to realize that since these objects further north cast shadows at high noon, this must mean that the Earth was round. He then set about to measure the degree of the shadows and through trigonometry calculate the curvature of the Earth – and therefore also a close approximation of its circumference (thrown off just a bit since the Earth is a slightly flattened spheroid rather than a perfect sphere).

So it was settled before the time of Christ then…the Earth was/is round…only however to those who were learned enough to understand this logic and also actually hear about Eratosthenes’ findings in the first place (no internet). Then of course there was also the fall of the classical civilizations and the dark ages and so on, so fast forward to the 1490’s and things were somewhat back to where we started, a lot of people only believed what they could see and education was not necessarily abounding, regardless of the fact that several Muslims had by then also effectively calculated the circumference of the earth and therefore ‘proved’ its roundness.

Columbus used as much of this scholarly evidence as he could – sometimes tailored to meet his own goals (understating the circumference) – when pleading his case to several monarchs only to be rejected time and again until Spain finally saw fit to wager the cost of a voyage against the potential windfall that could result for the crown were he to prove successful. The rest is history. On the 12th of October, 1492, Columbus landed on the island he christened ‘San Salvador’ – now part of The Bahamas – ten long weeks after departing Palos de la Frontera, Spain, and thus began the systematic exploitation of the Americas by Spain and later Portugal which resulted in untold measures of devastation to the indigenous peoples over hundreds of years (and which some would argue is still occurring).

We’re all well aware of what happened after 1492, with various colonial powers in Europe subsequently carving up pieces of the Americas as their own and warring over them until the manifest destiny of The United States was achieved as well as Mexican independence from Spain, and the list goes on…but what about the history of the Americas before 1492? This is where things get somewhat tumultuous among scholars as different theories continue to compete for legitimacy.

It may have taken a while, but the discovery of the remains of a Norse settlement at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland in 1960 finally proved that Viking explorers had indeed reached North America as part of living their sagas, and that they had done so somewhere around the year 1000 AD – potentially even a clean five hundred years prior to Columbus’ first voyage. Why was this not already understood well before Columbus’ time? One explanation is that the Norse just didn’t think much of it, perhaps not enough at least to put any effort into ensuring that this information was conveyed to other, non-Norse peoples. The Norse did what they were used to doing about these things, it was included into their sagas and nothing more was really thought of it over time.

Another potential reason is that they may have wanted to keep these new waters to themselves rather than soon have other countries coming in to compete for fishing areas. One thing is certain, if you look at it from the Norse point of view, this discovery didn’t to them have the same meaning as it ended up having for Columbus. From a northern perspective this was just another coast in addition to Greenland’s, Iceland’s, and Scotland’s which were in the same general area to the Norse. They most probably didn’t for instance, travel southward enough to understand the sheer scale of the American continents, nor were they particularly inclined to do so. Keep in mind that L’Anse aux Meadows was starting to get far enough to be slightly more inconvenient to travel to as compared to some of their closer territorial areas.

One thing becoming slightly different however as the Norse traveled westwards, was the presence of what they called “skrælings”, basically the indigenous peoples already living in these areas when the Norse arrived, and what would later become known as Native Americans in the case of those encountered in Newfoundland. The exact meaning of this word as it was used at the time is debated but it’s thought to range from “barbarian” to “weakling”, or perhaps it was even used to describe these people’s clothing, skin, or behavior. Regardless of what the Norse thought of them however, the fact is that they were already living in these arctic areas by the time the Norse arrived, which begs the question…from where and when did THEY come?

This question has no easy answer, especially if one were looking to know about the exact peoples encountered by those Viking voyages considering that there have been a number of different groups that have lived in the area from time to time over the centuries including the Thule, Dorset, Inuit, and others. The precise time ranges for which each of these cultures thrived and when they collapsed (and why) aren’t clear, but what is clear is that the pre-Columbian history of the Americas is long and rich at the very least.

Just like things used to be as simple as “Columbus discovered America“, which we now know to not quite be the case, the initial human population of America is also becoming more complicated as time goes on. What used to be the consensus was that the first people to inhabit the Americas (and only people, until European contact) walked across land connecting Asia and North America that was then exposed due to lower sea levels as a result of more water being tied up in ice at the time. While either this and/or a coastal migration along a similar route is generally accepted to have occurred – due both to archaeological and DNA evidence – the question remains, was this the only way humans arrived to the new world?

Evidence continues to mount that the historical human migration to the Americas might just be more complicated than that single theory alone accounts for. One category of evidence supports potential pre-Columbian and pre-Norse European contact with North America as outlined in the ‘Solutrean Hypothesis’. Certain stone tools found in the Eastern United States and just off of its East Coast appear to be some of the oldest artifacts yet discovered in the Americas, potentially conflicting with the time tables of when people were crossing over from Asia. Not only that, but the artifacts in question show a style of stone-age technology that not only strikingly resembles artifacts discovered in western European locations such as France and Spain, but that also pre-date by thousands of years their usage by known Native American cultures such as the Clovis.

Left: Solutrean artifacts from France
Right: Stone artifact recovered from the Chesapeake bay along with a 22k year-old Mastadon skull

The Clovis had been traditionally thought of as the oldest peoples to inhabit the Americas as a solidified culture, however sites such as the Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Pennsylvania, Cactus Hill in Virginia, Buttermilk Creek Complex in Texas, and Page-Ladson in Florida – among others – all point to a pre-Clovis presence of humans in North America – sometimes by thousands of years. The existence of this older evidence largely concentrated along the eastern coast of The United States, along with the similarities with European Solutrean artifacts suggests that there may have been human contact with North America up to twenty-two thousand years ago or more and that these people may very well have been some of, or potentially the first humans to set foot onto the continent.

The Beringia migration from Asia makes sense enough and remains undisputed, but how could Europeans have gotten to America in pre-history without a similarly exposed land bridge? Evidence shows that during the time of the Solutreans the seasonal presence of the northern ice cap in the Atlantic reached as far south as France, and continued all the way across the ocean to North America. The ice wasn’t constant year-round, but that may have actually contributed to the Solutreans getting westward…

Just as the ice would have started to recede with the approach of warmer spring temperatures, it also would have moved in a western-flowing direction due to currents caused by the melting itself. Solutreans would not necessarily have intended to make the trip across the Atlantic, but after going a certain distance in search of food that the ice would have provided (seals, etc), they may have accidentally gotten caught up in the melting pack ice currents and eventually been deposited near or onto the East Coast of North America. This is a plausible explanation for how they got across the ocean, and also provides many opportunities for such an event as each year would’ve provided for that scenario.

Such phenomenon of accidentally crossing an ocean is actually not unheard of, strong sea currents can very well result in boats travelling thousands of miles off course and to unintended destinations. There are several known examples in the Pacific of Japanese seafarers being blown off course and then carried by the Kuroshio Current all the way to the the West Coast of North America – some as far south as California. This has happened literally dozens of times that we know of and probably happened countless times over past millennia as well.

In addition to the several known and documented cases where Japanese sailors have inadvertently made it to North America, there are also other types of potential evidence of this contact historically. Examples such as similarities in pottery between the Ecuadorian Valdivia culture and their Jōmon counterparts in Japan at the time, as well as peculiar differences between the Zuni tribe of New Mexico and their neighbors regarding linguistic characteristics and religious beliefs (seeming to potentially have been caused by Japanese influence) add to the probability that Pacific pre-Colombian contact – while not widely known about or understood – is gaining in the probability of having occurred. This appears to support a similar possibility/probability with regards to the same having happened with pre-Colombian Europeans such as the Solutreans.

A small Japanese merchant vessel, the Hojunmaru – most likely similar to this – left Onoura bound for Edo in late 1832 but instead arrived with three survivors in Cape Flattery in 1834 in what was later to be Washington State

Evidence of pre-Columbian migration to or contact with the Americas continues into South America and perhaps is even more convincing. The Pedra Furada sites in Brazil suggest evidence of human habitation going as far back as twenty-two thousand years or further depending on the interpretation of certain artifacts and charcoal dating. These spans of time are well before most ranges theorized for Beringian crossings to North America – not to mention the time it would then take for humans to migrate as far south as Brazil etc.

Some South American evidence is less about human remains or tools, but instead relies on the presence of some of the the same plants or animals in both South America and locations in Oceania. It’s fact that humans found ways to populate the thousands of islands strewn across the vast expanses of the Pacific Ocean. Ancient techniques of reading the ocean currents and wave patterns along with navigation using the stars allowed Micronesians, Melanesians, and Polynesians to travel thousands of miles and eventually populate islands as remote as Hawaiʻi and Rapa Nui (Easter Island). In the case of Rapa Nui, it doesn’t take much imagination to envision that if humans could get from Asia to eventually as far as Easter Island, then it would seem logical that they could also get to the coast of Chile.

Pacific Islanders even made maps signifying ocean swell currents and the locations of islands which affected those currents; tools like this allowed predictable and accurate travel by boat across hundreds and thousands of miles of open water
The distances covered by pacific islanders is absolutely astonishing, and it would make little sense for them to have stopped at Easter Island and gone no further east

One piece of evidence supporting intermingling between Pacific Islanders and South Amerindians is the sweet potato. It is known and has been genetically proven that the sweet potato is native to South America, however by the time European sailors arrived in the Pacific, the sweet potato was already present across the region. Phylogenetic evidence supports at least two introductions of the sweet potato to Oceania with the first potentially as far back as 700 AD. It’s unclear exactly how this happened but the edible evidence doesn’t stop there. Chicken bones found in Chile dating to the late 1300’s at the latest show through DNA analysis to be related to chickens from Southeast Asia and islands in the Pacific. Chickens were not thought to exist at all in the Americas before Columbus and others introduced European varieties, therefore, how did chickens get to South America before European contact, and how is it they are related to Asian breeds if it weren’t for some sort of contact between the peoples of these regions?

Evidence upending traditional theories on how the Americas were initially populated as well as evidence supporting various pre-Columbian contact between settlers of the Americas and Asian, European, or other peoples later in the timeline continues to mount and isn’t confined to only just what’s been mentioned here but spans other categories such as lingual similarities and artifacts whose presence remains as yet unexplained. Research will continue and we’ll no doubt also continue to discover new archaeological finds which in some cases may answer questions, and in other cases raise even more, but one thing remains certain…we must continue to search for the truth.

edit: New genetic evidence supports pre-Columbian contact between Native American peoples and Polynesians

Uncommon Valor
Captain Corn

This nation has gone through countless more, and more severe issues than Pelosi and the dem’s never-ending life-long vendetta against our sitting and honorable President of the United States aka The Leader of the Free World – Donald Trump. Dems would burn this country to the ground to unseat The Donald. They don’t care about you, they don’t care about ANYTHING except tainting Trump’s legacy. It’s shameful and unpatriotic. Don’t listen to the liberal fanatics that would destroy this country just to keep it from being Trump’s.

This country forgot about real impeachments and real issues and frankly has gotten too damn soft over the decades. Take five minutes and remember the Việt Nam war that was going on when Nixon was impeached and realize that Donald Trump IS YOUR PRESIDENT.

In case anyone was curious, the song is named after the 1983 movie starring Gene Hackman and Patrick Swayze among others in an all-star cast

Clues of our Human Ancestry
Fox Mulder

In yet another example of the sophistication exhibited by some prehistoric peoples, a stone bracelet discovered in the famed Denisovan cave in Siberia has yielded evidence that the artist who created it so many thousands of years ago used methods that weren’t thought to have existed at the time of its manufacture, and moreover, that may even rival modern techniques as well. How is it that certain ancient people were able to exhibit skill levels not seen again for tens of thousands of years? Why has the evolution of mankind not been linear, but instead has seen a myriad of ups and downs regarding apparent intelligence and technical achievements?

“…The ancient master was skilled in techniques previously considered not characteristic for the Paleolithic era, such as drilling with an implement, boring tool type rasp, grinding and polishing with a leather and skins of varying degrees of tanning…[sic]”

It’s well known that all humans alive today are labeled as Homo Sapiens, however what are ignored are some of the other prototypical hominins that also contributed to our makeup over the millennia.

Case in point, until very recently it was widely thought that Neanderthals were some sort of isolated and separate offshoot of hominin which had little to no relation to modern man. Today however – through fairly recently uncovered genetic evidence – it’s understood that Homo Sapiens not only interbred with Neanderthals at certain points in history, but that some modern human racial differences can most likely be directly attributed to that interbreeding. This is evidenced by the presence of traces of Neanderthal DNA in all humans outside of Africa while Africans posses none.

One does need to ask oneself, why do Caucasians, Africans, Asians, and other ethnicities differ so widely in appearance and behavior? While it IS true that nearly all life on earth is heavily related to all other life…what caused these observable and stark differences in our own species? The genetic history resulting from multiple out-of-Africa migrations is starting to shed light on potential answers to this question.

If judging by genetic proportions alone, humans are closely related to pigs…and also starfish even…the list goes on, and especially with mammals it cannot be denied. When was the last time you looked into your cat or dog’s eyes and didn’t see a glimpse of human emotion in that very-similar face of two eyes, a nose, and a mouth, with not widely diverging proportions as related to yourself?

It is no secret that all life on Earth is inter-related and traces back to having evolved from the same primordial sources. This doesn’t however remove the need for us to study and determine exactly who we are as people and how our human species evolved to be like it is. If anything, our close relation to all other terrestrial life begs the question “what makes us different”?

In order to truly understand ourselves and what separates us from other life on earth we must understand exactly how we evolved, all of the steps that forged that process, and therefore also know which of those steps resulted in the wide array of differences that exist among modern human races today.

Thanks to the modern study of DNA evidence combined with archaeological finds it is becoming clear that there was not a single migration out of Africa, but instead several, and also at least several different species of early human. Neanderthals have been known about for some time however we’ve only recently discovered the previous existence of other early hominins such as Denisovans, Homo Luzonensis, Homo Naledi, and Homo Floresiensis. Indeed our heritage is starting to become quite a bit more complex than was theorized by scientists even just one hundred years ago, and it’s almost certain that we will continue to find even more early human species as time goes on.

Given that we now know that there were at least several different early hominins – and more to come as scientists are now suggesting that Denisovans and Neanderthals both interbred with at least one other as yet unknown species of early human – this is starting to shed light on how modern humans can have such varying differences across our different ethnicities.

Modern humans today are basically the result of an extremely complex evolution of several different lineages that interbred at different points in history, to varying degrees, and also across a vast number of geographical locations, WITH each lineage evolving over the millennia as all of this transpired.

NOW it is starting to make sense just as to how and why different human races and cultures across the globe can look and act so wildly differently from each other. Regardless of the overall genetic similarities that exist across all terrestrial life, when one focuses on humans alone, the history of our race is very rich with different twists and turns over time that have resulted in the diverse species that we today call modern man.

Video Game Bars at Risk in 日本!!!
Anime ジエ

It’s making no sense, but for some reason most of the top video game makers in 日本 are ruthlessly attacking our innocent and beloved places of past time enjoyment… our video game bars!

https://kotaku.com/japans-video-game-bars-are-in-danger-1827199831

Brian Ashcraft @ Kotaku, has recently reported on the latest efforts by companies such as Nintendo, Sega, Sony, Capcom, Konami, and others to quell the playing of their video games in establishments known as video game bars.

Video game bars blend the best of digital gaming entertainment with the enjoyment of social drinking

There have actually been arrests as a result of this recent persecution! What sense is this making? We have generations of people now that have grown up with traditional 8, 16, 64 bit and higher consoles that have now cemented their place as an absolute PASTIME in 日本 and abroad. As a result, naturally people want to drink and play games socially in public places – not just their living rooms. What is our government doing to allow this gross manipulation of the law for the sake of copyright extortion!? Nintendo and others need to back off and realize that the world of emulators and video game bars are not going to just go away because their lawyers feel like there is an opportunity to senselessly protect the digital copyrights of games that are 20+ years old – it’s ridiculous!

What harm is coming from normal citizens peacefully gathering together to play classic games on our beloved aging consoles while having a few drinks? Who is this hurting? We should boycott ALL new video games in order to stop this madness!

In the vast majority of cases, we are talking about games that are no longer even in libraries of sale rotation. This means that Nintendo and others are losing NO money by the playing of these games in these bars. If anything, video game bars serve to strengthen their brand recognition through the nostalgic social harmony achieved when the games of everyone’s youth are combined with the setting of the nightlife environments of cities such as 大阪市 and 東京 where they are highly popular.

Nintendo…Sony…you can’t and won’t stop us, so cease trying! Rise up everyone and make your voices heard – we will not accept this infringement on our digital culture! Keep this up and you’ll get what they got in Việt Nam when Blood+’s Saya went crazy!

Kiko Mizuhara!!!!!
Anime ジエ

Kiko doing her best on the world’s most famous runways – go Kiko!

Who would even know that Kiko is not even 日本人?!?!

Per Wikipedia, Kiko is Korean-American born in Dallas, Texas and raised in Japan…whatever she is, our Kiko-san is amazing!